A series of tutorials here:

Using Things Laying about

Make your own "Teeth" tool

Using Wire & Foil (Aramtures) Video

Softening details with Lighter Fluid

Using things laying about
In addtion to typical sculpting tools, just about anything can be used to help you sculpt! But remember the best sculpting tools are your hands! We'll cover the more common tools at some point as well as making your own.
This is to help you get started and become more familiar with sculpting (it's how I started).

Here are a few simple ideas to help make sculpting easier. The important part is to look around you for things you can use and experiment with. The way you use these things (techniques) will also shape the clay and produce varying styles and effects.

To begin with you can just prod around to get a feel. You can then try strokes, sweeping motions, contours and other techniques in combinations to advance your skills.

tool1 tool4tool2 tool3
tool5 tool6
tool8 tool9
tool7 tool10

Of course there are many other things you could use; Stones, Comb, Fabrics, Leaves, Sticks....

....or if you fancied you could make your own tools (which we'll cover in another tutorial)!

- Have fun, enjoy experimenting and get sculpting! -

 

 Make your own "Teeth" tool

Check out my quick sculpts for examples using this tool

1.    Take a piece of drinks can being very careful with the edges! 

tt1 

2.    Fold over to create a tight "U" shape. Do not crease the "U" shape. 

tt2 

3.    Using flat nosed pliers away from the curve of the "U" shape, flatten the sides down a bit.
You want this piece to go straight up, curve over the top and then come straight down again. 

tt3 

4.    Use a sculpt tool (or other) to straighten the "U" shape if it's becomes distorted. 

tt4 

5.    Get good trusted scissors and begin to cut following the edge of the "U" shape. 

tt5 

6.    As you cut, the metal will most likely start to churl. Do not worry,  just continue to cut a lengthy strip.

tt6 tt7 

7.    Snip off the strip and then using the handle of the scissors and on a flat solid surface, run the handle along the cut strip to flatten it back out again.
Try not to put too much pressure towards the actual crease of the "U" shape (The more rounded part of the handle when pressing will help avoid that).

tt8 tt9 

8.    Again poke away with the sculpting tool to re-adjust/straighten the "U" shape. Then inspect and quickly try it out.

tt10 tt11 

9.    Find a suitable handle for which you can stick your new tool into and make it easier to use.
Glue it in place and use putty to pack it out and secure it firmly in place.

tt12 

10.    Now get practicing!

tt13 

 

Using Wire & Foil (Aramtures) Video

This is just a quick video to give you the idea. A more thorough tutorial will be done at some point soon.

 

 

Generally most sculptures (particularly figures) will need some kind of armature or frame to support the clay. Without it, limbs can easily sag or fall off (break). It also provides a solid base to work on. It is at this stage you want to consider position (posture) and make sure proportions are correct or to how you want them (use reference material).

The more wire, the more the structure will have strength. Tuck any protruding wire ends as they'll poke through the sculpture and can also be sharp. 

You could weld or glue joins together. But tight twists may be enough to hold them in place.

Adds strength, Cheap materials, Saves weight, Saves clay, makes it go further, Saves money!